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Sabbath - Why Saturday?

Seventh-day Adventists worship on the Sabbath, on Saturday.  But why on Saturday?  Several Christian faiths worship on Sunday.  From the Book of Exodus, it states, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God.” (Exodus 20:10, NIV)

So then, which day of the week is the seventh day?  There are some ways this can be determined.

  • In looking at any regular calendar, the seventh day of the week falls on a Saturday.
  • The word “Saturday” is defined as “the day of the week between Friday and Sunday” (Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary).
  • Today’s leading astronomers confirm that the weekly cycle has never changed.  From the Royal Naval Observatory in the United States to the Royal Greenwich Observatory in England, both sources confirm that the weekly cycle is constant.
  • Have you ever heard of a sabbatical year?  A person may “be on sabbatical” or “will be taking a sabbatical in two years.”  It is a year for college professors in which pay is granted every seventh year for rest, travel, or research.  “Sabbatical” comes from the word “Sabbath.”  Did you notice that the pay is granted every seventh year?
  • The Bible makes it clear that Saturday is the seventh day of the week.  According to Jewish tradition, the Sabbath begins at sunset on Friday evening and ends at sunset on Saturday evening.      

There are several examples of foreign translations of the word “Saturday” that closely resemble the word “Sabbath.”  In fact, there are over 100 languages in the world that have their “Saturday” very close to the word “Sabbath.”  For a sampling of these foreign language examples, please see "Saturday" in Other Languages.